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Gum Disease (Periodontal Disease)

Periodontal or gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. It is a leading cause of tooth loss in American adults. It has also been linked to heart disease, stroke, diabetes and other health problems.

Plaque is the sticky film of bacteria that is brushed and flossed away with proper oral care. When left on the teeth, plaque produces toxins that attack below the gum line in the sulcus, a shallow v-shaped crevice between the tooth and gums. This causes the bond between teeth and gums to break down. In the early stage of gum disease (gingivitis), gums may become red and swollen and bleed easily. In the more advanced stage (periodontal disease), teeth can loosen and fall out.

Good oral hygiene and regular dental examinations are essential in the prevention and early detection of gum disease – especially since you can have it without experiencing any warning signs.

Signs that you may have gum disease include:

Your risk of developing gum disease may relate to the following habits and conditions:

For more information on Periodontal Disease, please click here.


 Dentures AlexandriaDentures are prosthetic devices designed to help patients with missing teeth perform daily activities that would otherwise be difficult.  Patients who have lost their natural teeth due to decay, periodontal disease or injury may suffer from further decay, and difficulty eating and speaking. The absence of teeth can also lead to a sunken, collapsed appearance in the mouth area.  By restoring the physical presence of teeth, this malformation is corrected and the patient can maintain their normal appearance.

There are three types of dentures: full (complete) dentures, fixed partial dentures and removable partial dentures. Most patients only require partial dentures, as they are only missing a few teeth. Additionally, most partial dentures are fixed in place by the crown-and-bridge technique, and those who possess removable partial dentures are usually exempt from the fixed version due to complicating factors.

When considering having dentures made a dental surgeon, denturist or prosthodontist is generally recommended over a dentist, with the exception of those dentists who are exceptionally experienced and detailed. Maxillary (top teeth) dentures tend to achieve better unification with the toothless gums due to the improvement in suction from the smooth surface. However, mandibular (bottom teeth) dentures are much more effective if the patient still retains some teeth.

For more information on Dentures, please click here.

Bone Grafts 

Bone can be removed from one area and replaced, or grafted, into another to correct cosmetic or functional defects in the mouth, or to aid in the placement of dental implants. One or more types of bone graft may be recommended depending on the patient's condition.

Bone for a graft is often taken from within the mouth while preparing for the implant placement. The bone may also be taken from the chin, third molar (wisdom tooth) region, or upper jaw. For more extensive procedures, the hip or knee may serve as donor sites. Although bone is usually taken from the patient's own body, alternate sources may be recommended. 

For more information on Bone Grafts, please click here.

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